Beginning Yearbook A & B

Language Arts in Yearbook

Students will learn the following journalism skills:
  • Journalistic style of writing
  • Active voice vs. passive voice
  • Desktop publishing
      • Using Adobe InDesign
  • Page layout and design
  • Interviewing school students and personnel for pages
  • Editing student work
      • Appropriate content
      • Format consistency
      • Accurate coverage of school events
      • Spelling and grammar
      • Broad range of student coverage

Caption Writing

Our goal is for the book to appear as though it was written by one person. To accomplish this task, we use the same caption writing formula, as follows:
  • Lead-in. The lead-in is a mini-headline that draws the reader to the photo. Your goal is to write a lead-in that is so good that it draws the reader to that photo first.
  • First sentence. The first sentence is present tense and active voice. This sentence describes the action in the photo and answers as many of the 5 W's and H as possible (see Inverted Pyramid). Use grade level and first and last names when identifying students (Sophomore John Public.....for example).
  • Second and third sentences. Second sentences are required, use third sentences if you have enough information. These sentences are past tense and answer any of the 5 W's and H that were not used in the first sentence (see Inverted Pyramid). These sentences should be about the yearbook page first, then about the student. To make the caption more personal for the reader, use only the first name of the student(s) in the photo.

Basic Journalism

Inverted Pyramid

Think of journalistic writing as an inverted pyramid. The top contains only one or two sentences with the most important information first; this is called the lead (pronounced leed and sometimes spelled "lede"). Next, a little more information is given about the story, and so on, until all of the information has been given. Answer Who, What, Where, When and How to the best of your ability in all captions.
The inverted pyramid principle says you should put your most important point at the top of the article, followed by your next most important point, and so on, in diminishing order of importance.
i_pyrmid.jpg
Many historians say that the inverted pyramid was invented by 19th century wartime reporters, who sent their stories by telegraph. They wanted the most crucial information to get through first, just in case the transmission was interrupted.
But, you say, we don’t send many telegrams today. Ah, but more than ever, we do send messages that can easily be interrupted! Distraction, impatience, confusion, even boredom; all these can keep your reader from finishing those precious words that you’ve written. Busy people expect writers to get to the meat quickly, or they’ll find something else to read.

More journalism basics

Tone: Your job as a reporter is to report facts and the opinions of others and to leave your own opinions out of the story. The term for introducing your own opinion into a story is called editorializing – do not do this!
Multiple Sources: The more people you talk to, the better the article. You can use direct quotes or paraphrase what someone says, but always remember to identify who says what.
Sentence Length: Sentences should have an average of 20-28 words. This is an average, so you don’t need to spend time counting; just be aware that sentences and paragraphs are much shorter than what you’ve been taught with composition.

Terms to Know:
5Ws and H: Always answer the who, what, why, where, when, and how of the news article.
Lead: The opening of a story, usually a summary of the most important information.
Headline: A title or attention grabber above the body of an article. The author of the story usually does not write the headline.
Angle: A particular point of view or way of looking at a subject.
Fact-checking: Checking that your facts are correct. Amy, Aymee, and Amie are all pronounced the same way and can be easily misspelled. Look up the names of specific people and places and anything else you are presenting as fact to be sure you are stating the truth.

Technology and Math in Yearbook
Yearbook is a class that is centered squarely in technology. PHSC's yearbook students use industry standard software such as InDesign CS5 and Photoshop CS5 and Photoshop Elements 8 to layout and design our yearbook, the Picktonian. Students use digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras and their own cameras to capture school related events. We have both Nikon and Canon DSLRs, so students can experience which manufacturer they may prefer.

Yearbook is also a business. Students are tasked with planning the yearbook within bugetary constraints. Students use MS Excel to create spreadsheets that outline which pages will be covered. Students also populate an order data bases to track yearbook sales, senior ad sales and business ad sales. Students are then tasked to write queries resulting in accurate reports that track our yearbook's financial status.

Students will learn the following photography and imaging skills:
  • Photocomposition
      • Rule of Thirds
      • Candid photos
      • Action photos
  • Camera types
      • Single lens reflex
      • Point and shoot
      • Digital image manipulation for production quality
  • Scanning photos
Students will learn the following computer and networking skills:
  • File management schemes
  • Digital camera interface
      • Direct connect
      • Reader
      • Importing digital images to pages
  • Digital camera software
      • Adobe Photoshop
      • Adobe Photoshop Elements
Students will learn the following management skills:
  • Database creation, population and management
      • Orders database
        • Sort data and write queries to capture needed data in report form
      • Sr. Ad Database
        • Sort data and write queries to capture needed data in report form
  • Increasing margin
      • Cutting costs
        • Care for capital equipment
          • Cameras
          • Computers
          • Scanners
          • Printers
  • Sales
      • Business ads
      • Sr. Ads
      • Book sales

Links

Download GIMP at home
Download Andreamosiac at home
Create a Website in Wix
GIMP Tutorials
SplashUp
Photoshop Tutorials
Download Free Fonts


Photographer Loves Math